#25 Behaviour Genetics with Michel Nivard
Michel Nivard and René Mõttus discuss classical and modern behaviour genetics, and why much of personality genetics is no longer focused on finding personality genes (there are none) but using genes to learn about environment. Perhaps paradoxically, then, genetics is as likely to help with building psychological and sociological theories of personality as biological theories.
Lo, M. T., Hinds, D. A., Tung, J. Y., Franz, C., Fan, C. C., Wang, Y., … & Chen, C. H. (2017). Genome-wide analyses for personality traits identify six genomic loci and show correlations with psychiatric disorders. Nature Genetics, 49(1), 152-156. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3736
Grotzinger, A. D., Mallard, T. T., Akingbuwa, W. A., Ip, H. F., Adams, M. J., Lewis, C. M., … & Nivard, M. G. (2022). Genetic architecture of 11 major psychiatric disorders at biobehavioral, functional genomic and molecular genetic levels of analysis. Nature Genetics, 54(5), 548-559. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-022-01057-4
Gage SH, Davey Smith G, Ware JJ, Flint J, Munafò MR (2016) G = E: What GWAS Can Tell Us about the Environment. PLoS Genetics 12(2): e1005765. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1005765
#24 Personality, Doomsday Prepping, Science Denial, and Being Wrong with Adam Fetterman
In this episode, Lisanne de Moor chats with Adam Fetterman about his work on the role of personality and beliefs in shaping people’s behavior in contemporary phenomena such as doomsday prepping, science denial, and people’s willingness to admit to being wrong.
Evans, N. D., & Fetterman, A. K.(2022). It doesn’t apply to me, so it isn’t real: People are likely to deny science if it contradicts their personality. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 13, 1032-1046. PDF
Fetterman, A. K., Muscanell, N. L., Wu, D., & Sassenberg, K. (2022). When you are wrong on Facebook, just admit it: Wrongness admission leads to better interpersonal impressions on social media. Social Psychology, 53, 34-45. PDF
Fetterman, A. K., Rutjens, B. J., Wilkowski, B. M., & Landkammer, F. (2019). On post-apocalyptic and doomsday prepping beliefs: A new measure, its correlates, and the motivation to prep. European Journal of Personality, 33, 506-525. PDF
#23 Personality: universalism and cultural context with Moin Syed
Personality psychology is an exciting field of research. However, as we learn in Moin Syed’s presentation, this excitement has been dampened by a hyper focus on methodological and definitional issues based on the history of our field. However, personality can be more. Moin Syed talks in his presentation about how our field can earn back its excitement.
Presentation Notes: https://osf.io/jnz9h/
Arshad, M., & Chung, J. M. (2022). Practical recommendations for considering culture, race, and ethnicity in personality psychology. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 16(2), e12656. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12656
Syed, M. (2021). Where are race, ethnicity, and culture in personality research?PsyArXiv. https://psyarxiv.com/m57ph/
Thalmayer, A. G., Saucier, G., & Rotzinger, J. S. (2022). Absolutism, relativism, and universalism in personality traits across cultures: The case of the Big Five.Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 53(7–8), 935–956. https://doi.org/10.1177/00220221221111813
#22 Interviews at the 20th European Conference on Personality in Madrid
For this episode, we talked to ten researchers at the 20th European Conference on Personality (#ECP20) in Madrid, including Anna Hakobjanyan, Jérome Rossier, Matej Bjurković, Sonja Lyubomirsky, Laura Buchinger, Markus Jokela, Barbara De Clercq, Verònica Benet-Martínez, Arij Yehya, and Kendall Mather.
#22 Interviews at the 20th European Conference on Personality in Madrid – Personality Psychology Podcast
#21 Personality and health with Nick Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, and Yannick Stephan
This episode’s guests were Nick Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, and Yannick Stephan, three experts in personality and health psychology, who talked with Rebekka Weidmann about the importance of considering personality when predicting important health outcomes across the life span.
#21 Personality and health with Nick Turiano, Damaris Aschwanden, and Yannick Stephan – Personality Psychology Podcast
Turiano, N. A., Chapman, B. P., Gruenewald, T. L., & Mroczek, D. K. (2015). Personality and the leading behavioral contributors of mortality. Health Psychology, 34, 51–60. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000038
Aschwanden, D., Strickhouser, J. E., Luchetti, M., Stephan, Y., Sutin, A. R., & Terracciano, A. (2021). Is personality associated with dementia risk? A meta-analytic investigation. Ageing Research Reviews, 67, 101269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2021.101269
Stephan, Y., Sutin, A. R., Luchetti, M., Canada, B., & Terracciano, A. (2020). Personality and HbA1c: Findings from six samples. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 120, 104782. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2020.104782
#20 Post-traumatic growth with Laura Blackie and Eranda Jayawickreme
Many people believe that traumatic experiences are often followed by psychological growth. What does not kill us, makes us stronger, right? Laura Blackie and Eranda Jayawickreme are among the leading researchers on this topic, and they just guest-edited a special issue on post-traumatic personality growth in the European Journal of Personality. They talked with René Mõttus what they have learned about how trauma can change us—or if it even changes us, after all.
#20 Post-traumatic growth with Laura Blackie and Eranda Jayawickreme – Personality Psychology Podcast
Blackie, L. E., & Jayawickreme, E. (2022). What does a personality science approach to post-traumatic growth reveal?. European Journal of Personality, 08902070221104628. https://doi.org/10.1177/08902070221104628
#19 Paper Spotlight with Emily Willroth and Brett Ford
René Mõttus talks with Emily Willroth and Brett Ford about their recently published paper in the European Journal of Personality entitled: „Emotional responses to a global stressor: Average patterns and individual differences“
Willroth, E. C., Smith, A. M., Graham, E. K., Mroczek, D. K., Shallcross, A. J., & Ford, B. Q. (2022). Emotional responses to a global stressor: Average patterns and individual differences. European Journal of Personality, 08902070221094448. https://doi.org/10.1177/08902070221094448
#18 Personality and psychopathology with Bob Krueger, Odilia Laceulle, and Johannes Zimmerman
In this episode, Lisanne de Moor talked with three experts about a dimensional approach to conceptualizing and measuring psychopathology, and the HiTOP model as an example of one of the advancements of this approach.
#18 Personality and psychopathology with Bob Krueger, Odilia Laceulle, and Johannes Zimmerman – Personality Psychology Podcast
Krueger, R. F., Kotov, R., Watson, D., Forbes, M. K., Eaton, N. R., Ruggero, C. J., Simms, L. J., Widiger, T. A., Achenbach, T. M., Bach, B., Bagby, R. M., Bornovalova, M. A., Carpenter, W. T., Chmielewski, M., Cicero, D. C., Clark, L. A., Conway, C., DeClercq, B., DeYoung, C. G., . . . Zimmermann, J. (2018). Progress in achieving quantitative classification of psychopathology. World Psychiatry, 17, 282–293. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20566
Leising, D., & Zimmermann, J. (2011). An integrative conceptual framework for assessing personality and personality pathology. Review of General Psychology, 15, 317–330. doi: 10.1037/a0025070
van Dijk, I., Krueger, R. F., & Laceulle, O. M. (2021). DSM–5 alternative personality disorder model traits as extreme variants of five-factor model traits in adolescents. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 12, 59–69. https://doi.org/10.1037/per0000409
#17 Paper Spotlight with Paul Eastwick
Rebekka Weidmann talks with Paul Eastwick about his recently accepted paper in the European Journal of Personality entitled: „Predicting Romantic Interest during Early Relationship Development: A Preregistered Investigation using Machine Learning“
Eastwick, P. W., Joel, S., Molden, D. C., Finkel, E., & Carswell, K. L. (2021, March 8). Predicting Romantic Interest during Early Relationship Development: A Preregistered Investigation using Machine Learning. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/sh7ja
#16 Self-Esteem with Ulrich Orth, Ketaki Diwan, and Lorenzo Filosa
Lisanne de Moor speaks with three self-esteem researchers about what self-esteem is, why it has attracted so much scientific attention, some interesting new discoveries, and some outstanding research questions.
Orth, U., & Robins, R. W. (2019). Development of self-esteem across the lifespan. In D. P. McAdams, R. L. Shiner, & J. L. Tackett (Eds.), Handbook of personality development (pp. 328-344). Guilford.
Reitz, A. K., Shrout, P. E., Denissen, J. J., Dufner, M., & Bolger, N. (2020). Self‐esteem change during the transition from university to work. Journal of Personality, 88(4), 689-702. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12519
Filosa, L., Alessandri, G., Robins, R. W., Pastorelli, C., (2022). Self-esteem Development during the Transition to Work: A 14-year Longitudinal Study from Adolescence to Young Adulthood. Journal of Personality. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12713
#15 Intelligence with Ian Deary
René Mõttus speaks with Ian Deary, who has published many hundreds of articles on intelligence and personality traits, alongside several books. They discuss the value of robust empirical findings over grand theories and key findings about human intelligence. They also compare personality and intelligence research and discuss their future. And finally, this is the first episode of the podcast where a guest also sings.
Deary, I. (2020). Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Deary, I.J., Cox, S.R. & Hill, W.D. (2021). Genetic variation, brain, and intelligence differences. Molecular Psychiatry https://doi.org/10.1038/s41380-021-01027-y
Deary, I.J., Hill, W.D. & Gale, C.R. (2021). Intelligence, health and death. Nature Human Behaviour 5, 416–430. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01078-9
Deary, I. J., & Sternberg, R. J. (2021). Ian Deary and Robert Sternberg answer five self-inflicted questions about human intelligence. Intelligence, 86, 101539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2021.101539
#14 Psychopathology, Authenticity, Sustainability, and Veganism with Chris Hopwood
In this episode, Rebekka Weidmann talked with Chris Hopwood about his research on personality and psychopathology, but also his work on authenticity and realness, sustainable behavior, and veganism.
#14 Psychopathology, Authenticity, Sustainability, and Veganism with Chris Hopwood – Personality Psychology Podcast
Hopwood, C.J., Bleidorn, W., Schwaba, T., & Chen, S. (2020). Health, environmental, and animal rights motivations for vegetarian eating. PLOS One 15(4): e0230609. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230609
Hopwood, C. J., Schwaba, T., & Bleidorn, W. (2021). Personality changes associated with increasing environmental concerns. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 77, 101684. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101684
Hopwood, C. J., Wright, A. G., & Bleidorn, W. (2022). Person–environment transactions differentiate personality and psychopathology. Nature Reviews Psychology, 1(1), 55-63. https://doi.org/10.1038/s44159-021-00004-0
#13 Personality science and helping people to change, with Patrick Hill
Patrick Hill has studied many topics, including purpose in life, gratitude, health, and personality change. In this episode, Patrick spoke with René Mõttus about the influence of personality on life outcomes, interventions to change personality traits, and several other topics.
#13 Personality science and helping people to change, with Patrick Hill – Personality Psychology Podcast
Hill, P. L., Sin, N. L., Turiano, N. A., Burrow, A. L., & Almeida, D. M. (2018). Sense of purpose buffers against daily reactivity. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 52, 724-729. https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax039
#12 Diversity and inclusiveness with Alexandria West, Hrag Vosgerichian, and Khatuna Martskvishvili
At the 2021 EAPP Day, we conducted a live panel discussion with Alexandria West, Hrag Vosgerichian, and Khatuna Martskvishvili and discussed how we can bring more diversity and inclusiveness into the field of personality research. Thank you all for coming!
#12 Diversity and inclusiveness with Alexandria West, Hrag Vosgerichian, and Khatuna Martskvishvili – Personality Psychology Podcast
Daouk-Öyry, L., Zeinoun, P., Choueiri, L., & van de Vijver, F. J. (2016). Integrating global and local perspectives in psycholexical studies: A GloCal approach. Journal of Research in Personality, 62, 19-28. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.008
Zeinoun, P., Daouk-Öyry, L., Choueiri, L., & Van de Vijver, F. J. (2017). A mixed-methods study of personality conceptions in the Levant: Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank. Journal of personality and social psychology, 113, 453-465. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000148
#11 Adolescent personality with Jenny Wagner, Eva Bleckmann, Larissa Wieczorek, and Naemi Brandt
Lisanne de Moor spoke with Jenny Wagner, Eva Bleckmann, Larissa Wieczorek, and Naemi Brandt about their research on adolescent personality. They discussed personality development, and school and relationships as influencing factors. In addition, they discussed major recent accomplishments in the fields as well as the next steps forward.
#11 Adolescent personality with Jenny Wagner, Eva Bleckmann, Larissa Wieczorek, and Naemi Brandt – Personality Psychology Podcast
Israel, A., Brandt, N. D., Spengler, M., Göllner, R., Lüdtke, O., Trautwein, U., & Wagner, J. (in press). The Longitudinal Interplay of Personality and School Experiences in Adolescence. European Journal of Personality.
Wagner, J., Lüdtke, O., Robitzsch, A., Göllner, R., & Trautwein, U. (2018). Self-esteem development in the school context: The roles of intrapersonal and interpersonal social predictors. Journal of Personality, 86(3), 481–497. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12330
Wieczorek, L. L., Mueller, S., Lüdtke, O., & Wagner, J. (2021). What makes for a pleasant social experience in adolescence? The role of perceived social interaction behavior in associations between personality traits and momentary social satisfaction. European Journal of Personality. https://doi.org/10.1177/08902070211017745
#10 The past, present, and controversies of personality trait psychology with Jeff McCrae
René Mõttus spoke with one of the most influential personality psychologists in recent decades, Robert „Jeff“ McCrae. They discussed the history and achievements of personality trait psychology and some of the key questions still awaiting an answer. They also spoke about an early „conspiracy“ among the Big Five enthusiasts to promote the trait model and the most controversial aspect of the Five-Factor Theory – lack of direct influences of life experiences on personality traits.
#10 The past, present, and controversies of personality trait psychology with Jeff McCrae – Personality Psychology Podcast
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1987). Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1), 81–90. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.52
McCrae, R. R. (1994). Openness to Experience: Expanding the boundaries of Factor V. European Journal of Personality, 8, 251-272. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2410080404
McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., & 78 Members of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project. (2005). Universal Features of Personality Traits From the Observer’s Perspective: Data From 50 Cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(3), 547–561. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.2067
#9 Narcissism with Mitja Back, Carolyn Morf, and Joshua Miller
In this episode, Rebekka Weidmann talked with Mitja Back, Carolyn Morf, and Joshua Miller about narcissism—what it is, how it manifests in people’s lives, whether it changes, and common misconceptions about narcissism.
Back, M. D. (2018). The Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Concept. In A. D. Hermann, A. Brunell, & J. Foster (Eds.), The Handbook of trait narcissism: Key advances, research methods, and controversies (pp. 57-67). New York, NY: Springer.
Morf, C. C., Schürch, E., Küfner, A., Siegrist, P., Vater, A., Back, M., … & Schröder-Abé, M. (2017). Expanding the nomological net of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory: German validation and extension in a clinical inpatient sample. Assessment, 24(4), 419-443. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191115627010
Miller, J. D., Lynam, D. R., Hyatt, C. S., & Campbell, W. K. (2017). Controversies in narcissism. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 13, 291–315. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045244
#8 Morality and moral development with Jessie Sun
In this episode, Lisanne de Moor talked with Jessie Sun about morality and moral development, and how to conceptualize and measure it in research. In addition, they discussed some of Jessie’s past, ongoing, and upcoming research, and the major challenges she sees in moving forward.
Sun, J., & Goodwin, G. P. (2020). Do people want to be more moral?. Psychological science, 31(3), 243-257. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797619893078
Meindl, P., & Graham, J. (2014). Know thy participant: The trouble with nomothetic assumptions in moral psychology. Advances in experimental moral psychology, 233-252.https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.700.6349&rep=rep1&type=pdf
#7 Personality development with Ted Schwaba, Eva Asselmann, and Chris Soto
In this episode, Rebekka Weidmann talked with Ted Schwaba, Eva Asselmann, and Chris Soto about their research on personality development across the lifespan, the importance of personality for life outcomes, and the emerging study of social, emotional, and behavioral skills.
#7 Personality development with Ted Schwaba, Eva Asselmann, and Chris Soto – Personality Psychology Podcast
Schwaba, T., Bleidorn, W., Hopwood, C. J., Gebauer, J. E., Rentfrow, P. J., Potter, J., & Gosling, S. D. (2021). The impact of childhood lead exposure on adult personality: Evidence from the United States, Europe, and a large-scale natural experiment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(29). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2020104118 Openly accessible pre-print: https://psyarxiv.com/nxdca
Asselmann, E., & Specht, J. (2021). Personality maturation and personality relaxation: Differences of the Big Five personality traits in the years around the beginning and ending of working life. Journal of Personality. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12640
Soto, C. J., Napolitano, C. M., & Roberts, B. W. (2021). Taking skills seriously: Toward an integrative model and agenda for social, emotional, and behavioral skills. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 30(1), 26-33. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721420978613
#6 A chat with Joanne Chung
In this episode, Lisanne de Moor talks with Joanne Chung about how she became interested in personality psychology, her past, present, and future work, and creating spaces and recognizing different voices in our work as personality scientists.
ARP Conference in July: https://www.personality-arp.org/conference/
Arshad, M., & Chung, J. M. (2021, April 29). Practical Recommendations for Considering Culture, Race, and Ethnicity in Personality Psychology. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/bjgh4
Chung, J. M., Meijer, l., Zonneveld, R., Sawaf, Z. A., Alajak, K., Moopen, N., … Laceulle, O. (2021, February 16). Initial Insights From a Study of Emotions and Positive Personality Change in Syrian Origin Young Adults Who Have Recently Resettled in the Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/xvqrs
#5 Subjective well-being with Susanne Bücker, Richard Lucas, and Samantha Heintzelman
In this episode, Rebekka Weidmann talked to Susanne Bücker, Richard Lucas, and Samantha Heintzelman about subjective well-being across the life span, factors that can change the well-being of people including the pandemic, and typical misconceptions that people might hold.
#5 Subjective well-being with Susanne Bücker, Rich Lucas, and Samantha Heintzelman – Personality Psychology Podcast
Buecker, S., Denissen, J. J. A., & Luhmann, M. (2020). A propensity-score matched study of changes in loneliness surrounding major life events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000373
Diener, E., Lucas, R. E., Oishi, S., Hall, N., & Donnellan, M. B. (2018). Advances and open questions in the science of subjective well-being. Collabra: Psychology, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.115
Heintzelman, S. J., Kushlev, K., Lutes, L. D., Wirtz, D., Kanippayoor, J. M., Leitner, D., Oishi, S., & Diener, E. (2020). ENHANCE: Evidence for the efficacy of a comprehensive intervention program to promote subjective well-being. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 26(2), 360–383. https://doi.org/10.1037/xap0000254
#4 Personality in the work context with Joanna Sosnowska
In this episode, Joanna Sosnowska and René Mõttus discuss dynamic models of personality and their usefulness for describing and understanding the psychology of workplace. The discussion is partly based on a recent paper Joanna and her colleagues published in the European Journal of Personality, as well as an upcoming special issue co-edited by Joanna (to be published in July in the European Journal of Personality).
Sosnowska, J., Kuppens, P., De Fruyt, F., & Hofmans, J. (2020). New directions in the conceptualization and assessment of personality—A dynamic systems approach. European Journal of Personality, 34(6), 988-998. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2233
Sosnowska, J., Hofmans, J., Rauthmann, J., & Wille, B. (in press) Personality dynamics in applied contexts [special issue]. European Journal of Personality. To be published in July, 2021
#3 Personality structure and change with Emorie Beck
In this episode, we hear a presentation by Emorie Beck on her research on nomothetic and idiographic approaches to personality structure and change, couched in a historical perspective.
Beck, E. D., & Jackson, J. J. (2020a). Idiographic traits: A return to Allportian approaches to personality. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 29(3), 301-308. https://psyarxiv.com/r8xfh.
#2 Personalized approaches to personality with Aidan Wright
For this episode, Lisanne de Moor talked to Aidan Wright about how personality can be measured from a more personalized angle, what such an approach can contribute to personality science, and what are some of the challenges that he sees for moving this research forward.
Leary, T. (1957). The interpersonal diagnosis of personality: a functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation. Ronald Press
#1 Introducing personality psychology with Julia Rohrer and Jaap Denissen
Welcome to our podcast! For this episode, René Mõttus talked to Julia Rohrer and Jaap Denissen about what personality is, how personality psychology is unique as a field, and what its most significant achievements have been so far—but also what is still puzzling and what can be improved for the future.
#1 Introducing personality psychology with Julia Rohrer & Jaap Denissen – Personality Psychology Podcast
Rohrer, J. M. (2018). Thinking clearly about correlations and causation: Graphical causal models for observational data. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science, 1(1), 27-42. https://doi.org/10.1177/2515245917745629
Denissen, J. J., Luhmann, M., Chung, J. M., & Bleidorn, W. (2019). Transactions between life events and personality traits across the adult lifespan. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 116(4), 612-633. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspp0000196
Allport, G. (1937). Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Henry Holt. Online Access